Leakage detection and flow management in pipeline operations in oil and gas
Pipelines transport hydrocarbon fluids millions of miles across the world. Although pipelines are designed, fabricated and installed to withstand all kinds of environmental conditions, leaks do occur. This happens because of inadequate protection of the pipeline, mechanical reasons such as weld failures or even ageing. In some cases, vandalism cannot be ruled out. Pipeline leaks not only cause huge financial losses, but also lead to massive ecological disasters and human casualties. The importance of leak detection and management is widely understood and there is continuous research to develop faster and better leak detection systems so that the impact of leaks can be minimised.